Monotheism definition, the doctrine or belief that there is only one god.
Monotheism is a religion or belief system that involves just one god. Different religions have different numbers and types of gods. Those with no gods such as buddhism and taoism are atheist religions, and humanism is an atheist philosophy. Those with many gods are polytheist, including hinduism, ancient roman religions, wicca, most types of paganism and old semite religions.
This is a very important jewish belief and is the central message in the shema prayer.
the word monotheism comes from the greek monos, which means one, and theos, which means god. The concept differs from polytheism, a belief in the existence of many gods, and atheism, the belief that there is no god.
No religion has interpreted monotheism in a more consequential and literal way than islam. According to islamic doctrine, the christian dogma of a trinitarian god is a form of tritheismof a three-god belief. There is no issue upon which this religion is so intransigent as the one of monotheism.
A narrower definition of monotheism is the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient. A distinction may be made between exclusive monotheism, and both inclusive monotheism and pluriform (panentheistic) monotheism which, while recognising various distinct gods, postulate some underlying unity.
Monotheism, belief in the existence of one god, or in the oneness of god.